LIME AND LEMON

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Ideal method of preserving lemons is to store them in jars or barrels of salt — in an urban household every single lemon is wrapped in tissue paper and then it is stored in the refrigerator for a longer period. Across the world lemon juice, rind, peel, and its oil has a variety of culinary, medicinal and cleaning and cleansing usages. Lemon is a rich source of vitamin C, even more than Grape or Orange juice — well, one can add a dash of lemon juice to any citric fruit juice to enhance its taste, and to get more of vitamin C.

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Indian varieties of lemons are (names in alphabetical order): 1) Assam Nimbu or Nemu Tenga; 2) Genoa; 3) Lisbon; 4) Nepali Oblong or Pat Nebu; 5) Nepali Round; 6) Rough Lemon; 7) Sweet Lemon or Lime, and 8) Villafranca — there are twenty types of limes around the world (names in alphabetical order): 1) Australian Desert Lime; 2) Australian Finger Lime; 3) Blood Lime; 4) Ginger Lime; 5) Kaffir Lime; 6) Kalamansi Lime; 7) Key Lime; 8) Kusaie Lime 9) Limequats; 10) Limetta or Palestinian Sweet Lime; 11) Mandarin Lime 12) Mary Ellen Sweet Lime; 13) Meredeka Lime; 14) Millsweet Limetta; 15) Omani Lime 16) Rangpur Lime; 17) Spanish Lime; 18) Tahiti Lime; 19) Wild Lime, and 20) Winged Lime.

The word ‘Lemon’ may be Middle Eastern, but the history is traced down to the Sanskrit word ‘nimbu’ — the middle eastern name lemon is drawn from the old French word ‘limon’, then it came to be known as ‘limone’ in Italian language from the Arabic ‘laymun’ or ‘limun’, the ‘limun’ in Persian language is a generic term for citrus fruit, which is a linguistic derivation of the Sanskrit word ‘nimbu’. In Ancient Rome, Lemon entered Europe, then moved to Persia, then Iraq and Egypt. Later on in 1493 lemon was introduced to America — Christopher Columbus brought lemon seeds on his voyages. In Islamic Gardens, the lemon was grown as an ornamental plant, and in Arabic treatise on farming in the 10th-century the word Lemon is recorded in its literature.

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Oftentimes confusion arises between Lime and lemon -two identical fruits (lime or lemon contain seeds and therefore both of them are considered and classified as ‘fruit’), though having confusing similarities, lime and lemon differ with their distinct appearances- colour-wise lime holds a brighter or darker shade of Green colour, lemons hold a bright Yellow colour—the confusion arises when the lime ripens and its Green colour shade turns Yellow. Well, here both can be separated with their unique shapes and height- limes are smaller in size and round in shape, its size varies between One -to- Two Inches or approximately Three -to- Five or Six Centimetres in diameter —— while as, lemons are of oval or oblong shape, and its size is around Two -to- Four Inches or approximately Five -to- Ten Centimetres.  Basically, lime and lemon tangy flavour creates confusion about their similarities, but if carefully noted limes are normally bitter in taste and lemons are slightly sweet — and, therefore lemons are commonly used in preparation of Sweet delicacies, and not lime. Here, also one needs to mention about the leaves of the lemon tree- these leaves are used to make tea and for preparing cooked meats and seafood.

A genomic study of the lemon indicates that, the lemon (Citrus Limon), was a hybrid between sour orange and citron — spices of evergreen tree from a flowering plant Rutaceae family. Though the origin of lemon is not mentioned anywhere, it is thought to have grown in Assam, North-East province in India — the base family plant is native to South Asia, preliminary North-East India. As per records in the year 2018, lemons and lime collectively recorded production of 19.4 million tonnes, where India topped the rank with a record production of 3.1 million tonnes.


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